Arunachal Pradesh is situated in the farthermost north-eastern border of India. It covers an area of 83,743 square km. It is bordered by the kingdom of Bhutan to the west, the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Myanmar (Burma) and the Indian state of Nagaland to the south and southeast, and the Indian state of Assam to the south and southwest. Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged State on 20th February, 1987. Till 1972, it was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). It gained the Union Territory status on 20 January 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. Capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Arunachal Pradesh, meaning “Land of the Rising Sun.”
Historical Places :
Some important historical places of Arunachal Pradesh are-
Well known Personalities :
This is a list of some famous and notable people from Arunachal Pradesh, India.
Tapi Mra – mountaineer from India and the first person from Arunachal Pradesh to scale Everest
There are mainly three cultural groups in Arunachal. The first group of the people of Arunachal Pradesh is made of Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng districts. The second group comprises of Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Bangnis, Mijis, Mishmis, Nishis and Thongsas, the worshipers of Sun and Moon God. The third tribe of Arunachal comprises of Octes and Wanchos tribal communities of the Tirap district.
Local men are skilled in weaving, carpet making, wood carving, painting, pottery, ornament making, cane and bamboo work, smithy work, basketry and many others. The women are expert in making handicrafts and handlooms.Some of the prominent festivals celebrated in Arunachal Pradesh are Losar, Solung, Boori-Boot, Mopin, Dree, Nyokum, Reh, Si-Donyi, etc. Animal sacrifice is a common ritual in most festivals.
Some popular folk dances in Arunachal Pradesh are Aji Lamu, Chalo, Hiirii Khaniing, Popir, Ponung, Pasi Kongki, Rekham Pada, Roppi, Lion and Peacock dance. Most of the dance forms are accompanied by chorus songs.
Arunachal Pradesh is perhaps one of the most linguistically diverse states in Asia. More than 50 dialects of the Tibeto-Burman language structure can be observed here. Nyishi, Apatani, Bokar, Galo, Tagin, Adi are common languages which fall under the Tani dialect. Mishmi language is popular in the eastern part of the state. Digaru, Idu and Miju fall under mishmi and have been recognised as endangered languages. In the western and the northern districts, Bodic language is commonly spoken which is sub-divided into Dakpa and Tshangla. The official language of Arunachal Pradesh is English.
Major Cities :
The Capital city of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar.Itanagar is the largest city of Arunachal Pradesh.
Some major cities of Arunachal Pradesh are- Papum Pare, Changlang, Lohit, West Siang, Tirap, East Siang, Kuma Kurg, Upper Subansiri, Lower Subansiri, East Kameng, Tawang, Anjaw, Lower Dibang Valley etc.
Attractive Places : Here are the some major attractive places of Arunachal Pradesh-
All types of communication such as roadways, ,railways and airways are available in Arunachal Pradesh.
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