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Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh, state of India, in the extreme northern part of the Asian subcontinent. It is bounded by Jammu and Kashmir union territory to the northwest and Ladakh union territory to the northeast, by the Tibet  Region of China to the east, and by the states of Uttarakhand to the southeast, Haryana to the south, and Punjab to the west. 
Himachal Pradesh spreads in the area of 55,673 sq.km. Himachal Pradesh today is quoted as a successful model of not only hill area development but also for having realised development in education, health and social services.
The city of Shimla was the summer headquarters of preindependence British viceroys; it is now the state capital and, at an elevation of about 7,100 feet (2,200 metres), one of the largest and most popular mountain resorts in the country. Formerly a union territory, Himachal Pradesh became a state of India on January 25, 1971. 

Historical Places :
Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful states in the country, where anyone can actually find peace. Apart from scenic beauty and so many adventure sports options, the state also boasts many monuments. Here are some of them mentioned below

  • Hadimba Temple, Manali
  • Kangra Fort
  • Key Monastery, Spiti Valley
  • Kalka Shimla Railway
  • Jaitak Fort, Nahan
  • Baijnath Temple
  • Chokling Monastery, Bir
  • Chamunda Devi Temple, Kangra
  • Naggar Castle
  • Kuthar Fort

Well known Personalities :- This is a list of  some famous and notable people from Himachal Pradesh, India. 

  • Nainsukh - Painter of Kangra school of painting
  • Gambhari Devi (1922-2013) - folk singer, folklorist
  • Norah Richards - theatre
  • Nicholas Roerich - painter 
  • Padma Shri Dr Randeep Guleria
  • Padma Shri Dr Mahesh Verma 
  • Padma Shri Dr D.S. Rana 
  • T. R. Sharma - Plant Biologist, Educator
  • Vijay Kumar Thakur - Scientist, Engineer, Nano-technologist
  • Suman Rawat - athletics
  • Rishi Dhawan - cricketer
  • Madan Lal - cricketer (team member of 1983 World Cup-winning team)
  • Sushma Verma - cricketer (India women's national cricket team)
  • The Great Khali – wrestler

Culture :
Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states.  
There are some unique festivals of Himachal Pradesh. Some of these fairs and festivals are the Kullu Dussehra, Shivratri Fair (Mandi), Shoolini Mela (Solan), Minjar Fair (Chamba), Mani Mahesh Chhari Yatra (Chamba), Renuka fair (Sirmaur), Lavi Trade Fair (Rampur), Vrajeshwari fair (Kangra),  
Peeplo Fair, the ‘Mairi’ Guruduwara Fair, the ‘Chintpurni’ temple Fair, the ‘Kamakhya temple’Fair. 
Mostly every district has a unique form of Himachal dance.Those are Losar, Shona, Chuksam (Kinnaur), Dangi (Chamba), Gee, Burah, (Sirmour), Naati, Kharait, Ujagjama and Chadhgebrikar (Kullu) and Shunto (Lahaul & Spiti), Jhamakra (Kangra). 
 Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. Pashmina shawl is one of the products which is highly in demand not only in Himachal but all over the country.

Language :
The official language of this state is Pahari and Hindi. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri, and Kinnauri.

Major Cities :
Major cities of Himachal Pradesh are –Simla, Dharamsala, Solan, Mandi, Palampur, Baddi, Nahan, Paonta Shahib, Sundarnagar, Chamba, Una, Kullu, Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Nalagarh, Nurpur, Kangra, Santokhgarh, Manali, Dalhousie, Rohru, Rampur, Indora, Bhuntar etc.

Attractive Places :
The most popular tourist spots of Himachal Pradesh are Manali, Shimla, Khajjiar, Chail, Dalhousie, Kullu, Chindi, Kalpa, Dharamshala, Rewalsar, Renukaji, Kasauli, Kiarighat, Bilaspur, Chamba, Fagu, Naldehra, Jawalaji, Palampur, Bhagsu, Sarahan, and Rampur. The most popular Hindu Temples are Bajreshwari Temple, Jwalamukhi Temple, Chamunda Devi Temple, Lakshmi Narayan Temple, Chaurasi Temples, Chattari Temples, and Prashar Temple.

Communication :

Roadways-
Himachal has beautiful roads that are connected to major cities in India. There are 8 national highways and 19 state highways that offer superb connectivity to and within Himachal. 

Railways-
Himachal Pradesh has a difficult terrain and because of that the Indian Railway hasn’t made much progress there. A narrow-gauge track connects Pathankot (in Punjab) to Kangra, and Kalka (in Haryana) to Shimla. The Kalka-Shimla Toy Train that is also a UNESCO world heritage site and there are also other trains on the Kalka-Shimla route.

Airways-
The fastest way to travel to Himachal Pradesh is by air. The airport in Shimla, Jubbal Hatti, is around 40 km away from main Shimla City. The other two airports, Kullu-Manali Airport in Bhuntar and Dharamsala Airport (or Kangra Airport), are also well-connected to the city centre. 

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