Odisha,a state of India is located in eastern India. It’s area is 155707 sq. km. Areawise it is the 8th largest Indian state and populationwise it is the 11th largest Indian state. Odisha is surrounded by West Bengal and Jharkhand to the north, Chhattishgarh to the West and Andhrapradesh to the South. The region Utkala is constituted by 485 km. coastline along the Bay of Bengal. The official language of Odisha is Odia. Odia language is a very sweet and heart touching language that is easy to speak, read and write. It is spoken by about 84% of the population of Orissa. Hindi, Urdu, Bengali and Telugu are widely understood and sometimes spoken. Oriya is the official language of the state.
Odisha is rich in heritage and culture. From forts to temples, palaces to caves, there are so many things to explore and so many things to do in Odisha for a history aficionado.
Some of the famous historical places to visit in Odisha are-
• Sun Temple, Konark
• Sri Jagannath Puri Temple, Puri
• Dhauli, Bhubaneswar
• Barabati Fort, Cuttack
• Khandagiri Caves
• Chausath Yogini Temple
• Brahmeshwara Temple
• Ananta Vasudeva Temple
• Lingaraja Temple
• Rajarani Temple
Odisha is a confluence of the Aryan, Dravidian and Adivasi cultures. There are festivals that are common, but the celebration remains unique to a region. Chandan Yatra, Snana Yatra and Ratha Yatra are observed with special gaiety and fervour at Puri. Durga Puja is observed throughout the state, more particularly at Cuttack. Kali Puja or Diwali is celebrated in different parts of Odisha. Bali Yatra of Cuttack on the full moon day in the month of Kartika reminds the glory of Odishan traders in the long past. Chaitra Parva, a festival of Chhou dance is celebrated at Baripada. Makar, Holi, Mohurram, Id and Christmas are also celebrated throughout the state.
Odissi Music is a classical form consisting of all the necessary ingredients common to Hindustani and Karnatic Music. Odissi sangita is a synthesis of four classes of music, i.e. dhruvapada, chitrapada, chitrakala and panchal, described in two treatises namely, Sangita Sarani and Sangita Narayana written in the early 19th century
In sync with the greatest music of Odisha, the Odissi dance is said to be an effort to come near God and experience true bliss. The Odissi dance is evolved from the millennium old dance form called Mahari that used to be performed at the temple of Lord Jagannath at Puri by devadasi dancers called maharis. Later on, it was promoted as the classical dance form of Odisha. Apart from the classical Odissi, Chaau is also a prominent dance form in the world of Odisha music and dance. Bhubaneswar is the largest and capital city of the state. Cuttack and Rourkela are the 2nd and 3rd largest cities respectively in Odisha State.
Some major cities in Odisha
Some attractive places of Odisha :
Shree Jagannath Temple,
Tikarpada Wildlife Sanctuary,
Simlipal National Park,
Daringbadi, Pipili etc.
There is a well-connected communication across the state of Odisha through roadways, railways and airways.
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