Uttarakhand was formed on the 9th November 2000 as the 27th State of India, when it was carved out of northern Uttar Pradesh. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges, it is largely a hilly State, having international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east. On its north-west lies Himachal Pradesh, while on the south is Uttar Pradesh. It covers an area of 53,483 sq.km. It is rich in natural resources especially water and forests with many glaciers, rivers, dense forests and snow-clad mountain peaks. Char-dhams, the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath,Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in the mighty mountains. It’s truly God’s Land (Dev Bhoomi). Dehradun is the Capital of Uttarakhand. It is one of the most beautiful resort in the submountain tracts of India, known for its scenic surroundings.The town lies in the Dun Valley, on the watershed of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. Uttarakhand is well renowned for its fabulous natural beauty that draws a lot of tourists from different parts of the world. Another reason to visit Uttarakhand is to experience the rich cultural heritage as there were many places in this state which served as summer retreats during the colonial times. Some historical places of Uttarakhand are Katarmal Sun Temple, Baijnath Temple,Dwarahat, Bageshwar, Narendra Nagar, Patal Bhuvaneshwar Cave, Nainital, Pithoragarh Fort, Vanasur Ka Kila, Kalsi Uttarakhand is a hilly state in the northern part of India. Mountainous regions have their own distinct traditions and one can say that the heritage of Uttarakhand is composed of a combination of Kumaoni and Garhwali cultures. Uttarakhand is home to multiple ethnic groups, each having its own culture. These groups include the Jaunsari, Bhotia, Buxa, Tharu, and Raji. Sometimes, the people of this state are called “Paharis.”
Some of the important fairs of the region include Kanvad Yatra, Bissu Mela, Nanda Devi Raj Jaat, Kangdali Festival, and Magh Mela. Most songs depict social or spiritual scenarios and the popular ones are the Phag, Bair, Pavada, Hurkiya Baul, Baramasa, Saiddhali, and Pandav Songs. Some folk dances include the Bhotia Dance, Chamfuli, and Chholia. The “Badra Nati” folk dance is performed during religious functions.Common languages spoken here include Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari, and Bhotiya, among others. The state is a wonderful place to introduce your kids to different cultures and ways of life. Some major cities in Uttarakhand are Dehradun, Haridwar, Kashipur, Roorkee, Pantnagar and Haldwani, Almora, Joshimath, Nainital, Ranikhet, Pauri, Rishikesh. Major cities in Uttarakhand have good connectivity to other cities in India. Cities like Haridwar attract large number of pilgrims during the Char Dham Yatra. Uttarakhand mainly have Tier-1 and Tier-2 Cities and Dehradun is still in progress of making it to the list of the first Metro City of Uttarakhand.Uttarakhand is stippled with innumerable places that tourists target to travel during summer.Nainital, Mussoorie, Dehradun, Almora, Kasauni, Jim Corbett National Park,Rajaji National Park, Nanda Devi National Park and Govind National Park etc. are the attractive places of uttarakhand. A person interested in exploring the spiritual side of India can visit the shrines of Kedar Nath, Badri Nath, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Hemkund Sahib, Tapkeshawar Temple, Gangotri and Yamunotri Different type of transport facilities such as Air communication, Railway and other transports are available in uttarakhand.